With an FGM prevalence of 87.2% among all women aged 15-49 in a population of nearly 95 million, Egypt has the greatest number of women and girls who have experienced FGM of any country in the world.
The estimated prevalence of FGM in women (aged 15-49) is 87.2% (EHIS 2015, p.104). In 2008 the estimated prevalence rate was 91.1% (DHS 2008, p.197), indicating only a slight decrease during that time.
The prevalence of FGM in women in the 20-24 age-group is estimated at 81.6%, 15.5% less than the prevalence in the 45-49 age group, at 97.1% (EHIS 2015, p.104), which is also indicative of a decrease in prevalence over time, as in Egypt women are rarely cut after the age of 17.
The highest prevalence of FGM is in Upper Egypt, at 92.1%. The prevalence in Lower Egypt is 86.9%, and in the Urban Governorates is 74.5%. There is no reliable data for the Frontier Governorates. The data also indicates a 15.2% difference in FGM prevalence between women (aged 15-49) who live in urban areas and women who live in rural areas, at 77.4% and 92.6% respectively (EHIS 2015, p.104).
Type I and Type II FGM are most commonly practised in Egypt (US Department of State, 2001). The DHS does not collect data on the types of FGM performed in Egypt.
The Egyptian Government has passed legislation that specifically prohibits the practice of FGM.
94,925,292 (March 2017) (Country Meters, 2017)
Median age: 23.8 years
Growth rate: 2.51% (2016 est.)
Rank: 108 out of 188 in 2014 (UNDP, 2016)
Life expectancy at birth (years): 72.7
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): <20 deaths
Maternal mortality rate 33 deaths/100,000 live births (2015); country comparison to the world: 92
Fertility rate, total (births per women): 3.53 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: less than 0.02% (2015 est.)
HIV AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 11,500 (2015 est.); country comparison to the world: 98
HIV/AIDS – deaths: 300 (2015 est.)
Total population: 73.8-73.9%
Female: 65.4%; male: 82.2% (2015 est.)
Total Youth Population: female (15-24 years) – 86.1%; male – 92.4% (2014)
GDP (official exchange rate): $342.8 billion (2015 est.)
GDP per capita (PPP): $12,100 (2016 est.)
GDP (real growth rate): 3.8% (2016 est.)
Urban population: 43.1% of total population (2015)
Rate of urbanisation: 1.68% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)
Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox) 10% (2012 est.)
Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes