Egypt

Egypt: Key Country Statistics

Egypt: Key Country Statistics (May 2013)

FGM PREVALENCE RATE

The estimated prevalence of FGM in girls and women (15-49 years) is 91.1% (DHS 2008). This appears to have decreased by 5.9% from an estimated 97% prevalence in 2003 (DHS 2003).

The prevalence of FGM in girls and women within the 15-19 age group is estimated at 80.7%, which appears to be 15.7% less than FGM prevalence in the 35-39 age group which is estimated at 96.4% (DHS 2008). There seems to have been a 16.1% reduction in prevalence for girls and women in the age group of 15-19 when compared with figures from 2003 (DHS 2003), which estimated FGM prevalence to be at 96.8%. However, figures suggest no decrease or increase in prevalence for women in the age group of 35-39 from 2003 (DHS 2003).

Figures also suggest a 10.4% difference in FGM prevalence between girls and women (15-49 years) who live in urban and rural areas, with estimated FGM prevalence at 85.1% and 95.5% respectively (DHS 2008).

Type I and Type II FGM most commonly occur in Egypt (US Department of State, 2001). The DHS does not collect data on type of FGM performed in Egypt.

The Egyptian government has passed legislation that specifically prohibits the practice of FGM (DHS 2008). 

POPULATION

85,294,388 (July 2013 est.)

Median age: 24.6 years

Growth rate: 1.922% (2012 est.)(World Factbook)

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX

Rank: 112 out of 186 in 2012 (UNDP)

HEALTH

Life expectancy at birth (years): 73.5 (UNDP) or 72.93 years (World Factbook)

Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 24.23 deaths

Maternal mortality rate 66 deaths/100,000 live births (2010); country comparison to the world: 92

Fertility rate, total (births per women): 2.9 (2013 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: less than 0.1% (2009 est.)

HIV AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 11,000 (2009 est.); country comparison to the world: 94

HIV/AIDS – deaths: fewer than 500 per annum (2009 est.)

(World Factbook)

LITERACY (AGE 15 AND OVER THAT CAN READ AND WRITE)

Total population: 72%

Female: 63.5%; male: 80.3% (2010 est.) (World Factbook)

Total Youth Population: 87.5%

Female youth (15-24 years): 84.3%; male youth: 90.6% (2010) (World Bank)

GDP

GDP (official exchange rate): $255 billion (2012 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP): $6,600 (2012 est.)

GDP (real growth rate): 2% (2012 est.) 

URBANISATION

Urban population: 43.4% of total population (2010)

Rate of urbanisation: 2.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

ETHNIC GROUPS

Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)

RELIGIONS

Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1% 

LANGUAGES

Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes

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