Ghana

Ghana: Key Country Statistics

Ghana: Key Country Statistics (May 2013)

FGM PREVALENCE RATE

The estimated prevalence of FGM in girls and women (15-49 years) is 3.8% (MICS 2006). This appears to be a decrease of 1.6% from 5.4% in 2003 (DHS 2003).

The prevalence of FGM in girls and women within the 15-19 age group is estimated at 1.4%, which appears to be 4.3% less than FGM prevalence in the 35-39 age group which is estimated at 5.7% (MICS 2006). There seems to have been a 1.9% reduction in prevalence for girls and women in the age group of 15-19 when compared with figures from 2003 (DHS 2003), which estimated FGM prevalence to be at 3.3%. There is also a suggested 1% decrease in prevalence for women in the age group of 35-39 from 2003 which estimated FGM prevalence to be at 6.7% (DHS 2003).

Figures also suggest a 4% difference in FGM prevalence between girls and women (15-49 years) who live in urban and rural areas, with estimated FGM prevalence at 1.7% and 5.7% respectively (MICS 2006).

The most prevalent type of FGM practised in Ghana is Type II, although Types I and III are also practised. (US Department of State, 2001). The DHS does not collect data on the type of FGM performed in Ghana.

The Ghanaian government has passed legislation that specifically prohibits the practice of FGM (MICS 2006). 

POPULATION

25,199,609 (July 2013 est.)

Median age: 21.7 Years

Growth rate: 2.2% (2012 est.) (World Factbook) 

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX

Rank: 135 out of 186 in 2012 (UNDP) 

HEALTH

Life expectancy at birth (years): 64.6 (UNDP) or 61.45 years (World Factbook)

Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 40.9 deaths

Maternal mortality rate 350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010); country comparison to the world: 32

Fertility rate, total (births per women): 4.12 (2013 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 1.8% (2009 est.)

HIV AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 260,000 (2009 est.); country comparison to the world: 23

HIV/AIDS – deaths: 18,000 per annum (2009 est.) (World Factbook) 

LITERACY (AGE 15 AND OVER THAT CAN READ AND WRITE)

Total population: 71.5%

Female: 65.3%; male: 78.3% (2010 est.) (World Factbook)

Total Youth Population: 80.8%

Female youth (15-24 years): 79.9%; male youth: 81.7% (2010) (World Bank)

GDP

GDP (official exchange rate): $40.12 billion (2012 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP): $3,300 (2012 est.)

GDP (real growth rate): 8.2% (2012 est.)

URBANISATION

Urban population: 51% of total population (2010)

Rate of urbanisation: 3.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.) 

ETHNIC GROUPS

Akan 47.5%, Mole-Dagbon 16.6%, Ewe 13.9%, Ga-Dangme 7.4%, Gurma 5.7%, Guan 3.7%, Grusi 2.5%, MandeBusanga 1.1%, other 1.6% (2010 census) 

RELIGIONS

Christian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 census) 

LANGUAGES

Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other (includes English (official)) 36.1% (2000 census)

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