Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone: Key Country Statistics

Download Country Profile: FGM in Sierra Leone, June 2014 (PDF, 2.4MB)

SierraLeone: Key Country Statistics (May 2013)

FGM PREVALENCE RATE

The estimated prevalence of FGM in girls and women (15-49 years) is 91% (DHS 2008).This appears to have reduced by 3% from 2006 (MICS 2006). The statistics from the MICS 2006 survey suggested the prevalence of FGM in girls and women within the 15- 19 age group was 81.1%, which appeared to be 16.4% less than FGM prevalence in the 35-39 age group which was estimated at 97.5% (MICS 2006). Figures from the DHS 2008 survey suggest a 10% difference in FGM prevalence between girls and women (15- 49 years) who live in urban and rural areas, with estimated FGM prevalence at 85% and 95% respectively (DHS 2008).

The most prevalent type of FGM practised in Sierra Leone is Type II. (US Department of State, 2001). The DHS does not collect data on type of FGM performed in Sierra Leone. The Sierra Leone government to date has not passed legislation that prohibits the practice of FGM (MICS 2006; UNFPA).

POPULATION

5,612,685 (July 2013 est.) Median age: 19.1 Years Growth rate: 2.277% (2012 est.) (World Factbook)

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX

HEALTH

  • Life expectancy at birth (years): 48.1 (UNDP) or 56.55 years (World Factbook)
  • Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 76.64 deaths
  • Maternal mortality rate 890 deaths/100,000 live births (2010); country comparison to the world: 3
  • Fertility rate, total (births per women): 4.87 (2013 est.)
  • HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 1.6% (2009 est.)
  • HIV AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 49,000 (2009 est.); country comparison to the world: 58
  • HIV/AIDS – deaths: 2,800 (2009 est.) (World Factbook)

LITERACY (AGE 15 AND OVER THAT CAN READ AND WRITE)

  • Total population: 35.1%
  • Female: 24.4%;
  • Male: 46.9% (2003 est.) (World Factbook)
  • Total Youth Population: 59.4%
  • Female youth (15-24 years): 50.1%;
  • Male youth: 69.1% (2007) (World Bank)

GDP

GDP (official exchange rate): $3.824 billion (2012 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP): $1,400 (2012 est.)

GDP (real growth rate): 21.3% (2012 est.)

URBANISATION

Urban population: 38% of total population (2010)

Rate of urbanisation: 3.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

ETHNIC GROUPS

Temne 35%, Mende 31%, Limba 8%, Kono 5%, Kriole 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio), Mandingo 2%, Loko 2%, other 15% (includes refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians) (2008 census)

RELIGIONS

Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%

LANGUAGES

English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican 3 | P a g e slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)

Download Country Profile: FGM in Sierra Leone, June 2014 (PDF, 2.4MB)



The Ashworth Group