Somalia

Somalia: Key Country Statistics

Somalia: Key Country Statistics (May 2013)

FGM PREVALENCE RATE

The estimated prevalence of FGM in girls and women (15-49 years) is 97.9% (MICS 2006).

The prevalence of FGM in girls and women within the 15-19 age range is estimated at 96.7%, which appears to be just slightly (2.2%) less than FGM prevalence in the 35-39 age range which is estimated at 98.9% (MICS 2006).

Figures also suggest a very slight difference (1.3%) in FGM prevalence between girls and women (15-49 years) who live in urban and rural areas with estimated FGM prevalence at 97.1% and 98.4% respectively (MICS 2006).

The most prevalent type of FGM practised in Somalia is Type III (79.3%), with 15.2% having Type I or II (DHS 2006).

To date no legislation has been passed in Somalia that prohibits the practice of FGM (MICS 2006).

POPULATION

10,251,568 (July 2013 est.)

Median age: 17.8 years

Growth rate: 1.596% (2012 est.) (World Factbook)

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX

Rank: N.A (UNDP) 

HEALTH

Life expectancy at birth (years): 51.5 (UNDP) or 50.8 years (World Factbook)

Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 103.72 deaths

Maternal mortality rate 1,000 deaths/100,000 live births (2010); country comparison to the world: 2

Fertility rate, total (births per women): 6.17 (2013 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 0.7% (2009 est.)

HIV AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 34,000 (2009 est.); country comparison to the world: 65

HIV/AIDS – deaths: 1,600 per annum (2009 est.)

(World Factbook)

LITERACY (AGE 15 AND OVER THAT CAN READ AND WRITE)

Total population: 37.8%

Female: 25.8%; male: 49.7% (2001 est.) (World Factbook)

Total Youth Population: N.A

Female youth (15-24 years): N.A; male youth: N.A (World Bank)

GDP

GDP (official exchange rate): $2.372 billion (2010 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP): $600 (2010 est.)

GDP (real growth rate): 2.6% (2010 est.) 

URBANISATION

Urban population: 37% of total population (2010)

Rate of urbanisation: 4.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

ETHNIC GROUPS

Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)

RELIGIONS

Sunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter) 

LANGUAGES

Somali (official), Arabic (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English

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