Sudan

Sudan: Key Country Statistics

Sudan

FGM PREVALENCE RATE

The estimated prevalence of FGM in girls and women (15-49 years) is 90% (MICS 2000).

The prevalence of FGM in girls and women within the 15-19 age range is estimated at 85.5%, which appears to be 6% less than FGM prevalence in the 35-39 age range which is estimated at 91.5% (MICS 2000).

The most prevalent type of FGM practised in Sudan is Type III (74%), with 23% having the least severe “Sunna” type (Type I) and 2% an “intermediate” form (Type II) (these figures are for urban areas, the figures for rural areas are 77%, 19% and 1% respectively) (MICS 2000).

In Sudan, only the most severe form of FGM is prohibited by law (UNFPA).

POPULATION

34,847,910

Median age: 18.7 years (2012 est.)

Growth rate: 1.88% (2012 est.)(World Factbook)

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX

Rank: 171 out of 186 in 2012 (UNDP)

HEALTH

Life expectancy at birth (years): 61.8 (UNDP) or 62.57 years (World Factbook)

Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 55.6 deaths

Maternal mortality rate 730 deaths/100,000 live births (2010); country comparison to the world: 8

Fertility rate, total (births per women): 4.05 (2013 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 1.1% (2009 est.)

HIV AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 260,000 (2009 est.); country comparison to the world: 22

HIV/AIDS – deaths: 12,000 per annum (2009 est.)

(World Factbook) 

LITERACY (AGE 15 AND OVER THAT CAN READ AND WRITE)

Total population: 61.1%

Female: 50.5%; male: 71.8% (2003 est.) (World Factbook)

Total Youth Population: 86.7%

Female youth (15-24 years): 83.6%; male youth: 89.6% (2010) (World Bank)

GDP

GDP (official exchange rate): $255 billion (2012 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP): $6,600 (2012 est.)

GDP (real growth rate): 2% (2012 est.)

URBANISATION

Urban population: 40% of total population (2010)

Rate of urbanisation: 3.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.) 

ETHNIC GROUPS

Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata 

RELIGIONS

Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority 

LANGUAGES

Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur 

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