Nigeria

Nigeria

In Nigeria, the estimated prevalence of FGM among women aged 15 to 49 is 24.8% (DHS 2013, p 348). 20 million women and girls in Nigeria have undergone FGM. This represents 10% of the global total (UNICEF, 2013).

     

Country Profile (Oct 2016)                 Key Findings (Oct 2016)

     

Executive Summary (Oct 2016)           Country Statistics (Oct 2016)

Key Findings Presentation (Oct 2016)

FGM PREVALENCE RATE

The estimated prevalence of FGM in women aged 15 to 49 is 24.8% (DHS 2013, p.348). This figure has not changed significantly in recent years. In the DHS 2008 (p.300), it was 29.6%, although survey methods have changed and so these figures are not directly comparable.

Figures suggest a 13% difference in FGM prevalence between women (aged 15 to 49) who live in urban areas and women who live in rural areas, at 32.3% and 19.3% respectively (DHS 2013, pp.349-50). Although the prevalence of FGM appears to be highest among the wealthier, better-educated women who live in urban areas, these same women are the least likely to have their daughters cut before the age of 15, which suggests a decline in the practice from generation to generation in these families. This same group of women is also most in favour of discontinuing the practice. Conversely, although the prevalence of FGM is lowest among poorer women with little or no education who live in rural areas, these women are more likely to have their daughters cut and shows the highest level of support for the continuation of FGM (see DHS 2013, pp.361-2).

The most prevalent type of FGM practised in Nigeria is Type II (some flesh removed) (62.6%). 5.8% have had Type I (cut, no flesh removed) and 5.3% have had Type III (sewn closed). Two types exclusive to Nigeria, angurya and gishiri, are performed respectively on 24.9% and 5.1% of women who experience ‘other’ or ‘unclassified’ types of FGM (DHS 2013, pp.350-1).

In 2015 the Government of Nigeria passed legislation (at federal level) that specifically prohibits the practice of FGM. 13 out of the 36 states have similar laws in place.

POPULATION

>180 million (Country Meters, 13 September 2016) 

Median age: 18.2 years

Growth rate: 2.45% (2015 est.) 

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX

Rank: 152 out of 188 in 2014 (UNDP)

HEALTH

Life expectancy at birth (years): 53.02

Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 72.7 deaths

Maternal mortality rate: <814 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Fertility rate, total (births per women): 5.19 (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence: 3.17% (2014 est.)

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 3,391,600 (2014 est.); country comparison to the world: 1 

HIV/AIDS – deaths: 174,300 (2014 est.)

LITERACY (AGE 15 AND OVER THAT CAN READ AND WRITE)

Total population: 59.6%

Female: 49.7% (2015 est.); Male: 69.2%

Youth (15-24 years): 66%

Female – 58%; Male – 76% (World Bank, 2014, p.2)

GDP

GDP (official exchange rate): $490.2 billion (2015 est.) 

GDP per capita (PPP): $6,100 (2015 est.)

GDP (real growth rate): 2.7% (2015 est.)

URBANISATION

Urban population: 47.8%

Rate of urbanisation: 4.66% annually (2010-15 est.)

ETHNIC GROUPS

Hausa, Fulani, Yoruba, Igbo, Kanuri, Tiv, Edo, Nupe, Ibibio and Ijaw

RELIGIONS

Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10% 

LANGUAGES

English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani, plus over 500 additional indigenous languages



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